Turkey has a well-organized well being care system right this moment with about 1.1 million personnel working in hospitals scattered throughout the nation, geared up with up-to-date units and procedures. Although Turkey’s common is lower than some other Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) nation in the case of statistics together with the quantity of docs per thousand residents and the share of well being expenditures in the gross nationwide earnings, each citizen can get hold of fundamental well being care providers in Turkey because of the common medical insurance system.
However, trendy Turkish medication operated throughout the framework of the navy till 1933, when the primary civil college of medication was opened. Military faculties educated the bulk of the well being care personnel till then.
Hulusi Behçet Uz, who first recognized and described the sickness that was later named after him, was additionally a navy doctor. Trained and working as a navy medical officer, Behçet based the primary dermatology clinic on the Istanbul University School of Medicine in 1933.
Life and work as a doctor
Behçet was born on Feb. 20, 1899, in Istanbul because the son of Ahmet Behçet, the director of schooling then. He lived a really tough childhood as a result of of the loss of life of his mom. He was first schooled in a French college in Beirut, the place his father was working as a civil servant. He later graduated in Istanbul from the Beşiktaş Rüştiye secondary college and Kuleli Askeri İdadisi, a navy highschool, earlier than enrolling in the Military School of Medicine in Istanbul, from which he graduated in 1910.
After his commencement, he labored as an assistant on the dermatology clinic on the Gülhane Military Hospital in Istanbul underneath specialists comparable to Eşref Ruşen, Talat Çamlı and Reşat Rıza, who was a bacteriologist, till World War I. During the battle, Behçet served because the deputy chief physician on the Military Hospital in Kırklareli and as a dermatology specialist on the Edirne Military Hospital.
Behçet labored as a visiting specialist in Budapest and Berlin from 1918 to 1919. He labored as a freelancer for a time earlier than he was assigned to the Hasköy Venereal Diseases Hospital in Istanbul in 1923. After six months of work, he was transferred to the Guraba Hospital as a dermatology specialist.
Behçet married Refika Davaz, the daughter of a diplomat, in 1923. Behçet and Davaz had a daughter collectively.
Behçet obtained the title of professor after the college reform in 1933, making him the primary Turkish dermatologist to obtain that title.
Work as a scientist
Behçet was not solely a dermatologist but additionally a hard-working scientist and author. He revealed quite a few articles in numerous languages together with German and French starting as early as 1920. He additionally joined many nationwide and worldwide medical congresses to submit particular circumstances. Phillip Schwartz, a distinguished German pathologist, as soon as referred to Behçet as “a scientist who is understood elsewhere in the world than his homeland.” Schwartz defined that by saying, “Because he was all the time overseas presenting his findings, you can’t discover him in Turkey at any time.”
On the opposite hand, Behçet didn’t neglect his job in Turkey both. He tried his greatest to show dermatology to the subsequent era, translated many scientific articles into Turkish and made connections with different international locations so far as Korea.
One of Behçet’s pursuits was the prognosis, remedy, hereditary traits, serology and social impression of syphilis. Leishmaniasis or the Oriental sore (Damascus sore) was one other sickness to which Behçet gave his consideration. He additionally labored different dermatological illnesses together with mycosis.
Behçet additionally labored on dermatological illnesses attributable to vegetation and described the dermatitis of the fig in the 1930s. He already had turn into a distinguished worldwide scientist when he described “Behçet’s sickness” or “Behçet’s syndrome.” His discovery rested on his long-term observations of three sufferers, who he noticed for 21, seven and three years, respectively. He collected the signs of these three sufferers, and believing that these have been the signs of a brand new sickness, he submitted his findings first in a medical congress in Paris in 1935. After that, he revealed his first Behçet’s disease-related article in a German dermatology periodical, which satisfied different docs to just accept the findings and title the sickness after its founder, Behçet. Indeed, dermatologists initially denied Behçet’s discovering, however ophthalmologists accepted it and gave his title to the sickness. Full acceptance of the sickness didn’t come till 1947, one yr earlier than Behçet’s loss of life.
Behçet died of a coronary heart assault on March 8, 1948, in Istanbul.
Behçet revealed practically 200 scientific articles, 53 of which have been revealed in distinguished European dermatology periodicals.
The Scientific and Technological Research Council of Turkey (TÜBİTAK) honored Behçet with a posthumous award granted in 1975, practically twenty years after his loss of life. Various lecture rooms, laboratories and libraries have been named after him. Turkish Post and Telegraph Organization (PTT) honored him in 1980 with a particular stamp carrying his portrait on it. Eczabaşı Foundation additionally honored him posthumously in 1982 with a medal. The Turkish State Mint launched particular silver cash to commemorate Behçet in 1996 through the National Dermatology Congress.