Last Tuesday, April 21, marked the 47th demise anniversary of certainly one of the most prolific authors and intellectuals in Turkish literature – Kemal Tahir.
Known for being a realist and a social justice warrior, Tahir put his aim in writing on this single phrase: “To inform the drama of a person who finds himself in hassle inside a context of occasions.”
He wrote about actual folks, and himself. He portrayed the lives of these dwelling in rural Anatolia and gave insights into their emotions – the conflicts and confusion they skilled after shifting to chaotic cities, coping with an uncomfortable tradition shock. His works additionally carried a didactic tone, chastising the twisted relationship between hungry landlords and sharecroppers in villages.
Let’s see how his life formed his entire profession and many works.
Tahir was born in Istanbul in 1910 to oldsters who had each been in the service of Sultan Abdülhamid II and his royal household. His father, Captain Tahir Bey, was an aide to the sultan, whereas his mom Nuriye Hanım, was a maid to Naile Sultan, Abdülhamit’s daughter. And though it appeared like he was fortunate being born right into a courtly household, life was not form to him from the get-go.
His mom died when he was an adolescent, and he needed to discontinue his research at the Galatasaray High School and begin working.
Between the years 1928 and 1932, he labored as a lawyer’s assistant and additionally served as a warehouse officer in a coal mine in the northern Turkish province of Zonguldak.
Then in 1932, Tahir launched into his journalism profession, which might finally form his future. He was mentored by a few of the most well-known and main authors of the interval, particularly Yakup Sabri, Ertuğrul Şevket, İsmail Safa and Arif Nihat Asya throughout this time. He even dabbled in artwork publishing, main print efforts for the artwork journal Geçit (Passage or Gateway in English), which was discontinued after simply seven points.
That identical yr, he additionally began working as a proofreader, interviewer and translator at the Vakit, Haber and Son Posta newspapers. This stint lasted till 1938.
He additionally took on extra administerial duties as secretary at the Yedigün (Seven Day) and Çizgi (Line) magazines, all the whereas producing work as lead writer at the every day Karagöz and changing into editor-in-chief for the every day Tan (Dawn).
In 1938, when Tahir joined the navy, he was tried on prices of “inciting navy insurrection” together with Nazım Hikmet, one other well-known Turkish poet and novelist.
After spending 12 years behind bars for political causes, Tahir was launched primarily based on the common amnesty scheme in 1950.
He wrote a number of novels whereas he was doing his time: Zoraki Nişanlı, Bir Nedim Divanının Esrarı, Cami Kıran Çocuk, Halk Plajı, Gönül Denilen Hayvan and Aşk Pınarı.
Aware of the political scenario and pushed by a way of accountability and social justice, he shunned utilizing his actual identify, İsmail Kemalettin Demir, in his works till 1954. He adopted the pen identify, publishing his works as Kemal Tahir till that yr.
Following his launch from jail, Tahir set off towards Istanbul and began working as the Istanbul correspondent of the İzmir Commerce newspaper.
After working in varied newspapers and publishing homes, he based the Düşün (Think) Publishing House together with Aziz Nesin in 1957.
However, when the 60s got here spherical, the writer shifted his whole focus in his novels.
The celebrated novelist targeted on subjects equivalent to the Ottoman interval, the constitutional monarchy and Republican interval, the one-party regime, village institutes, and Asian-style manufacturing.
His novel Devlet Ana (Mother State, 1967), which defines the very best state by attributing to Turkish historical past, made an awesome impression each in literature and on the political agenda in 1967. The novel incorporates many historic and cultural references, drawing from the famed tales of Dede Korkut and a number of Anatolian legends in addition to verses from the Holy Quran and the Bible.
He acquired the 1967-1968 Yunus Nadi Novel Award, certainly one of the most prestigious cultural and arts awards of the interval in Turkey, for his novel “Yorgun Savaşçı” (“The Tired Warrior,” 1965), which tells the story of a Turkish soldier who fought for the independence and liberation of Turkey.
In 1968, he additionally acquired the Turkish Language Association’s Novel Award for his novel Devlet Ana.
His premature demise got here at the age of 63 on April 21, 1973, as a consequence of a coronary heart assault.
His written works:
Stories: “Göç İnsanları” (“The People of the Lake,” 1955)
Novels: “Sağırdere” (1955), “Esir Şehrin İnsanları” (“The People of the Captive City,” 1956), “Körduman” (1957), “Rahmet Yolları Kesti” (“Mercy Waylaid,” 1957), “Yedi Çınar Yaylası” (“The Highland of the Seven Plane Trees,” 1958), “Köyün Kamburu” (“The Village Hunchback,” 1959), “Esir Şehrin Mahpusu” (“The Prisoner of the Captive City,” 1961), “Bozkırdaki Çekirdek” (“The Seed in the Steppe,” 1962), “Kelleci Memet” (“Memet, the Headhunter,” 1962), “Kurt Kanunu” (“The Law of the Wolf,” 1969), “Büyük Mal” (“The Big Merchandise,” 1970), “Yol Ayrımı” (1971)
Posthumous novels: “Namusçular” (“The Defenders of Honor,” 1974), “Karılar Koğuşu” (“Women’s Ward,” 1974), “Hür Şehrin İnsanları” (“The People of the Free City,” 1976), “Damağası” (“The Lord of the Roof,” 1977), and “Bir Mülkiyet Kalesi” (“A Fortress of Possession,” 1977).
Some of his works have additionally been tailored to cinema, particularly “Yarın Bizimdir” (“Tomorrow is Ours,” 1963), “Haremde Dört Kadın” (“Four Women in the Harem,” 1965) and “Namusum İçin” (“For My Honor,” 1966).