History museums are sometimes based to provide perspective and to arouse a sure nationwide consciousness in guests. Devoted to the history of a particular land or metropolis, they thematically current objects of significance as a method to train concerning the previous. As somebody with an unyielding to need to continuously acquire better and better perception into historic occasions, these museums had been all the time of curiosity to me.
It is for that reason that I rushed to the Museum of Crimes Against Humanity and Genocide as quickly as I arrived at Sarajevo just a few years in the past. Every side of the museum appeared to whisper the phrase “genocide” in its depiction of the battle that engulfed Bosnian within the 1990s. During my go to, I keep in mind wishing that history museums may solely replicate sure disciplines, reminiscent of archaeology or ethnography, as an alternative of a barrage of merciless and abominable occasions. However, the reality is that plight has, and can proceed to happen, all through the unfolding of world history. Likewise, the July 15 coup try by the Gülenist Terror Group (FETÖ) in 2016 was a black day by which scores had been killed defending the nation’s democratic establishments.
The Turkish public is acquainted with army coups, as they’ve confronted them many instances within the history of the republic. However, this newest coup try differed because it was not brought on my all officers within the Turkish Armed Forces (TSK). Rather extra, it was orchestrated by a particular group now generally known as FETÖ, which had infiltrated quite a few state establishments. On the night of July 15, Turkish folks gained a victory over this group by taking the streets in response to President Recep Tayyip Erdoğan’s name for resistance.
Turkey, as within the case of Bosnia and Herzegovina, inaugurated a history museum to commemorate those that had been killed defending the nation’s democracy towards putschists final 12 months on the third anniversary of the occasion. Honoring the sacrifices paid to uphold democracy in Turkey, the July 15 Museum of Memory was opened by President Erdoğan within the coronary heart of Istanbul, proper subsequent to the July 15 Martyrs Bridge, renamed after the civilians who misplaced their lives on it.
The museum continues to function a reminder of the coup try carried out by the Gülenists 4 years in the past this week and divulges the complete brutality of the plotters. The go to was not straightforward to abdomen, to say the least. The wall at the bottom entrance of the museum, which presides over 1,500 meters of exhibit house unfold over two flooring, carries the inscription “Never Forget” with all of the names of the 15 July victims. While going over the names sorrowfully, I acknowledged white doves hanging from the ceiling to signify the peace by which they now lay. Videos and documentaries on July 15 are introduced under the doves on an enormous display.
On the bottom flooring, numerous objects belonging to the coup plotters, veterans and martyrs are additionally on show. Among these things are the cap and dagger of Ömer Halisdemir, a non-commissioned officer who grew to become a logo of resistance by altering the course of the coup and capturing putschist Br. Gen. Semih Terzi, in addition to the cell phone belonging to journalist Hande Fırat. It was by way of a name on this telephone, labeled by many because the “the telephone of freedom,” that President Erdoğan was ready to be part of a broadcast reside on air and name on the nation to stand towards the putschists. Meanwhile, one can also be privy to objects reminiscent of Bilal Özyıldırım’s bullet-riddled bike helmet and a key belonging to fellow protestor Abdullah Çay, which is bent from bullet hearth. One may also discover the pockets and photograph of martyr Necmi Bahadır’s, in addition to the shattered stays of a telephone belonging to survivor İdris Akdoğan.
Photographs and biographies of the martyrs, in addition to info on the history of coups and colonialism, may be accessed by way of the contact screens within the museum. 3D movies of July 15 may be watched at the Heed of Martyrdom Hall.
History of colonialism
The Heed of Martyrdom Hall additionally presents the history of colonialism and coups in numerous elements of the world alongside 3D movies of the July 15 coup. In this part, the museum reveals that 531 coups have been carried out worldwide between 1950 and 2016, 210 of which achieved their objective, whereas 9 coups – or at least makes an attempt – had been carried out in Turkey between 1960 and 2016 alone.
The part honors historic figures who stood towards colonization reminiscent of Turkish Republic founder Mustafa Kemal Atatürk, Ottoman Sultan Abdülhamid II, Bosnian statesman Alija Izetbegovic, India’s foudner Mahatma Gandhi and South American freedom chief Simon Bolivar.
On the second flooring, guests are beckoned on by the message “What You Will See is your Own Story.” An vehicle run over by tanks utilized by putschists, a broken motorcycle and the ammunition used within the tried coup is on show, in addition to – heartbreakingly – the sneakers of those that misplaced their lives.
The July 15 Museum of Memory explains that each one the coups lead to financial crises, political instability, social chaos, exterior dependence and alienation from nationwide insurance policies desired by the folks.
Museum of world requirements
The museum piques nice curiosity, because it retains the nationwide reminiscence alive to be handed onto future generations. Tarık Şebik, the top of the July 15 Association, informed Anadolu Agency that the museum had achieved its aim of drawing 500,000 guests in its first 12 months, regardless of the onset of the Corona Virus pandemic. According to Şebik, the museum will provide academic supplies in 5 completely different languages by subsequent 12 months, with a web site in English, German, Spanish, Russian and Arabic.
Thanks to the location, folks will probably be ready to profit from the museum with out arriving in particular person. Furthermore, guests from overseas can put on headphones and hear to the data in their very own language. “Next 12 months, we may have guides within the museum for many who converse English and Arabic,” he added.