Qurban Bayram, also referred to as Eid al-Adha, is the second vital vacation following Ramadan Bayram, also referred to as Eid al-Fitr, in the Islamic world.
The spiritual pageant is celebrated in commemoration of Prophet Abraham’s willingness to sacrifice his son on God’s command. Abraham, often called Ibrahim in the Islamic world, had vowed that if he had a son, he could be prepared to sacrifice him for the sake of God. After he had a son, he was reminded of this vow by a dream. Both Abraham and his son agreed to maintain this vow even when Satan tried to hinder them. By his willingness to sacrifice his son, Abraham confirmed his loyalty to God, for which he was rewarded. A ram was despatched to him from heaven, and the prophet sacrificed the ram as a substitute of his son.
While cooking some components of the sacrificed ram, Abraham and his household additionally distributed some components to the poor. This is why Muslims historically sacrifice animals throughout Qurban Bayram and why this pageant can also be referred to as the Feast of the Sacrifice. While it’s the time of Qurban Bayram, let’s uncover how this occasion was celebrated in the Ottoman Empire.
Special ceremonies have been held in the Ottoman palace and amongst the public on Islamic holidays, which held an vital place in Ottoman cultural life. In the palace, a Bayram greeting ceremony with the sultan, referred to as “Muayede Alayı,” was held. The most vital ceremony in the Ottoman palace after the cülus ceremony, which marks the succession of the throne, was this greeting ceremony.
Ceremonies marking Islamic holidays weren’t solely vital in phrases of faith in the empire. They have been additionally very vital in phrases of showing the grandeur of the Ottoman dynasty. This was as a result of, in the Islamic world, the authorities was measured not solely by navy energy but additionally by the splendor of the palace and wealthy public ceremonies.
In the Ottoman Empire, the procedures and rules of official ceremonies have been decided by the framework of Fatih Kanunnamesi (Mehmed the Conqueror’s Codes of Law), and this association continued for a very long time with only a few modifications. The ceremony marking Qurban Bayram was held in Topkapı Palace till the mid-19th century, and in the Grand Ceremonial Hall in the middle of Dolmabahçe Palace as of 1867, besides for 2 ceremonies held in Yıldız Palace throughout the reign of Sultan Abdülhamid II.
The day earlier than the pageant, often called the Day of Arafah, a ceremony was held in the Second Courtyard of the palace. On today, the throne of the sultan was carried to the Gate of Felicity, which opens to the Arz Odası, the place the place the sultan met excessive officers to change greetings.
The sultan himself selected the mosque to make use of for Bayram prayers, and this was often Hagia Sophia or the Blue Mosque. It was customary for the sultans to carry out the morning prayer on the first day of Bayram at the Chamber of Holy Relics. The sultan then would trip to the mosque on a elaborate horse earlier than performing the Bayram prayer. Nothing may very well be in comparison with the glory of the sultan on his horse. The harnesses of the horses have been embellished with gold, pearls and jewels. After the prayer, the celebrations began in the Gate of Felicity.
The sheep ready for the sultan was fed and carried by specifically dressed officers throughout Qurban Bayram. The sacrificed animals have been despatched to the madrassas, or colleges, and to the needy.
The days of the pageant have been additionally declared a vacation in the Ottoman state.
Before the pageant, navy officers and civil servants got a wage bonus. During the pageant, troopers got sugar, lamb, halva, salad and baklava whereas policemen got one fez and tassel or bought them.
Gifts have been handed out to the ulema of nice mosques reminiscent of the Hagia Sophia, Blue Mosque, Süleymaniye Mosque and Fatih Mosque.
On the first day of the Bayram, halva was distributed to prisoners in prisons. Some of the prisoners who had served two-thirds of their sentences have been pardoned on the event of the pageant.