Modernism in Turkish poetry has by no means been named through the time interval it was energetic. Unlike the Latin American “modernismo” and the Anglo-Saxon “modernism,” Turkish modernism lived as a anonymous mixture of rival streams of poetry together with the “Edebiyat-ı Cedide” (“The New Literature”), “Milli Edebiyat” (“National Literature”), “Nev Yunanilik” (“Neo Graecism),” “Garip motion,” “Sosyalist Gerçekçilik” (“Socialist Realism”) and “Ikinci Yeni” (“Second New”). Modernism as a reputation was given to trendy Turkish poetry within the late 1980s when most of the representatives of the style felt themselves belonging to the broader custom of Western modernism quite than linked to their Turkish predecessors, which has brought about one other paradox.
In reality, belonging is a important matter for the Turkish poet. When Oktay Rifat and Attila Ilhan claimed individually that they have been those to provoke the Second New motion – Rifat with a possessive angle and Ilhan with a refusal of the development of the stream – the younger poets of the Second New denied these elders’ contribution to their creations. It is now clear that the Second New was initiated by Sezai Karakoç and Cemal Süreya, but there have been many interior and outer contributors together with Rifat and Ilhan, each having a detailed affect on the youthful poets of the stream.
Another path towards the Second New stream was adopted by Metin Eloğlu, who started poetry below heavy influences of the Garip motion and joined the brand new stream after his early books. The Second New poets accepted Eloğlu’s participation and endlessly praised him as a Second New poet.
The Second New was so efficient that it influenced many aged poets. Perhaps essentially the most well-known poet of the sooner generations to be influenced by the brand new stream was Behçet Necatigil, who by no means claimed to be and was by no means accepted as a Second New poet however apparently modified his fashion in accordance with the imagism and formalism supplied by the brand new stream. Necatigil started poetry as a disciple of Ziya Osman Saba, a delicate lyrical poet of the 1930s, who established his poetry on emotions together with frustrations of each day life, nostalgia and human weak point, and reworked right into a formalist poet writing improvisations counting on deformations of language and diction.
Necatigil was born Mehmet Behçet on April 16, 1916, in Istanbul to Mehmet Necati Efendi, a Muslim scholar, and Fatma Bedriye Hanım, the daughter of Geyveli Ibrahim Hakkı Efendi, one other Muslim scholar. After shedding his mom as a toddler, Necatigil was raised solely by his father. He lived along with his maternal grandmother for one 12 months within the Karagümrük neighborhood of Istanbul’s Fatih district. After that one 12 months, his father remarried and introduced his younger son again residence. Necatigil was first schooled at Beşiktaş Cevri Usta Elementary School, persevering with his schooling in northern Kastamonu province after the household moved there for his father’s job. Necatigil graduated from Kabataş Boys’ High School, once more in Istanbul, in 1936. He was 20 years previous when he accomplished highschool, ending a couple of years late due to an absence from college for a couple of years after contracting tuberculosis in Kastamonu.
Necatigil enrolled on the Turkish literature division of Istanbul University, from which he was graduated in 1940. In 1937, he visited Berlin for a couple of months to research the German language. He additionally was admitted to the German literature division of the Higher School of Teachers when he was working as a schoolteacher, however he by no means graduated. Necatigil learn, interpreted and translated German texts into Turkish after finishing his educational research.
Young, delicate poet
Necatigil started writing poems in seventh grade. Zeki Ömer Defne, an attention-grabbing lyrical poet, was his literature instructor. Defne inspired Necatigil to write and publish poetry. He additionally insisted that the younger poet learn on a regular basis. Necatigil printed a private journal named “Küçük Muharrir,” learn by his household and associates, throughout his years at college.
Necatigil continued publishing his small lyrical items in literary journals till he printed his first quantity of poetry, “Kapalı Çarşı” (“Grand Bazaar”), in 1945. In the identical 12 months, Necatigil was assigned to train at Kabataş High School after working for a few years in distant provinces of Turkey as a schoolteacher and an inspector of schooling.
Necatigil married Huriye Korkut, a fellow schoolteacher, in 1949. They had two daughters: Ayşe Sarısayın, who’s now a fiction author, and Selma Necatigil. The Necatigil couple lived in Istanbul’s Beşiktaş district for the remainder of their lives.
Necatigil left Kabataş High School for the Istanbul Education Institute, the place he labored till 1972. He additionally taught writing within the journalism division of Istanbul University.
Poetry about ‘residence’
The theme of residence, not of the home itself, was the point of interest of Necatigil’s life and works. His early poetry was not very advanced. He wrote about residing collectively, loving one another and lacking misplaced ones. In later years, he outlined his poetry as socialist realism, which was not true in any side. His inclination towards each day life should have made him assume like that; nevertheless, his fashion was not sensible however romantic, and his temper was not naturalistic however sentimental. Necatigil remained a sentimental poet, although he modified his fashion into modernist imagism below heavy influences of the Second New motion.
In the early years of his profession, or earlier than the Second New motion of the 1950s, Necatigil’s poems have been of a story variety, whereas he most well-liked to bury the story behind the poem below considerably bizarre imagery. Ambiguity, which was not a matter of debate in his early poems, turned the basic motive of Necatigil’s poetry. Additionally, he entered an experimental part within the 1970s, which yielded one in all his most well-known books, “Kareler Aklar” (“Blacks and Whites,” as on the chessboard), the place he deformed the idioms that had been the fundamentals of his early poetry.
Necatigil edited, translated and wrote many books on subjects outdoors of his pursuits so as to complement his low instructor’s wage and help his household. Those included an authors’ dictionary, a dictionary of Turkish literary books, a handbook of mythology, translations of poetry books and novels from German authors comparable to Rainer Maria Rilke and Heinrich Böll, and translations of Ottoman texts into trendy Turkish.
Necatigil died on Dec. 13, 1979, at Istanbul’s Cerrahpaşa Hospital. A classroom on the Kabataş High School was named after him. A avenue in Beşiktaş, the place he lived for greater than a decade, was additionally named after him. His household began the Behçet Necatigil Poetry Award in 1980, which was some of the vital literary awards in Turkey for some time. Turkish filmmaker and actor Yılmaz Erdoğan depicted Necatigil’s story in “Kelebeğin Rüyası” (“The Butterfly’s Dream”) film, the place he was portrayed because the literature instructor of the unlucky younger and sick poets, Rüştü Onur and Muzaffer Tayyip Uslu, in Zonguldak province through the early 1940s.