Drawing from its expertise combatting desertification and erosion, Turkey helps different international locations combat towards land degradation.
Minister of Agriculture and Forestry Bekir Pakdemirli mentioned Friday that 953 consultants from 108 international locations have been educated by Turkey for the prevention of desertification and erosion. Pakdemirli mentioned in a written assertion that extra will probably be educated quickly.
After the beginning of the Corona Virus pandemic, these academic choices shifted from discipline training to an internet platform.
Home to varied climates throughout its numerous terrain, Turkey is at excessive threat for desertification stemming from the onset of local weather change and different components equivalent to misuse of agricultural land and dangerous irrigation strategies.
More than half of Turkey’s soil has the traits of arid, semiarid and semihumid climates. Turkey’s central and southeastern areas, identified for his or her huge flatlands and steep mountains, are notably weak to the danger of desertification. Erosion is one other menace to Turkey, the place the elevation of most land is much larger than international locations in its fast area or in European international locations.
Turkey stepped up efforts to combat the desertification and a nationwide tree-planting marketing campaign was launched final yr. The “Breath for the Future” marketing campaign inaugurated by President Recep Tayyip Erdoğan noticed the planting of greater than 11 million saplings in sooner or later. Pakdemirli mentioned greater than 4.6 billion saplings have been planted in an space of 5.Four million hectares up to now 18 years for the reason that incumbent Justice and Development Party (AK Party) got here to energy.
“We additionally managed to lower the lack of soil resulting from erosion to 140 million tons from 500 million tons for the reason that 1970s and wish to additional lower it to 130 million tons,” Pakdemirli added.
The nation credit mass planting practices, anti-erosion infrastructure and new agricultural functions, particularly to cut back extreme irrigation, with the prevention of land degradation.
Desertification threatens the planet, with implications for biodiversity, poverty ranges, socioeconomic stability and sustainable growth, based on the United Nations. The international physique warns that some 50 million individuals could also be displaced throughout the subsequent decade because of desertification. Arable land degradation is estimated at 30-35 occasions the historic fee, based on the U.N. The world loses 24 billion tons of fertile soil yearly and the dry-land degradation reduces home nationwide product in creating international locations by as much as 8% yearly.